Research methods literature review ppt

Methods of literature review in research ppt Powerful! School essay cheating argumentative research papers on technology 50 words essay on pollution world bank policy research working paper quotes. Essays scholarships high school students personal research paper writer what does social justice mean to you essay literature review on parent involvement in education pdf writing long essays xml? Phd dissertation advisor essay on hypoglycemia.

Research methods literature review ppt

Authors Co-authored with Sandi Roy, M. First, it identifies the fundamental problems of elitism and scientism, which permeate and negatively impact PP research and applications.

Second, it critiques the conceptual and methodological limitations of PP and PPIs, providing specific examples. Third, it critiques specific problems in PPIs. Finally, this chapter proposes second wave PP PP 2. The aim of PP 2. This raises a question in the minds of PP practitioners and enthusiasts: Is the field spearheaded by Seligman and Csikszentmihalyi on its last legs?

Has the domain been over-used for commercial interests, especially for the field of positive coaching? Does this predict the emerging of a new form of PP? Defined in simplest terms, PP 2. It can be argued that the persistent criticism of PP is closely related to the very strategy responsible for its success.

With Seligman as the chief supported by three lieutenants, this network was a blatantly by-invitation-only elitist, hierarchical group. Given the high-profile of the members of this group, this strategy of promoting PP was immediately effective and impactful with the support of big money and big names Wong, b.

However, Brown, Sokal, and Friedman demonstrated that there was actually no empirical support for this so-called ratio. It appears that, until editors are willing to submit PP papers to critical review by experts outside the PP community, there will continue to be PP publications with serious deficiencies.

This issue of citation amnesia becomes especially problematic when positive psychologists investigate topics related to existential psychology. Given that science by nature is incremental and integrative, it is neither scholarly nor ethical for PP researchers to only focus on recent publications by members of the PP community as if they have created a new science and the older work is not worth reading.

Such a myopic view of the literature is partially responsible for the backlash against PP; most researchers would react negatively if a positive psychologist failed to cite their prior work and claimed to have discovered something new.

The Problem of Scientism The second fundamental problem with PP is scientism—the belief that the positivist paradigm of the scientific method is the only way to examine truth claims and the only good and trustworthy method to achieve happiness, well-being, and flourishing.

The Problem of Scientism

Such belief in scientism amounts to fantasy and is detrimental to scientific progress Durston, Unfortunately, many of these studies cannot be replicated, and their findings often have little relevance to human needs because their measuring instruments lack construct validity Biswas-Diener, ; Tavris, The division and bitter debates that ensued have hindered the progress of PP; only recently have there been hopeful signs that this divide can be healed with the development of the more inclusive PP 2.

Ironically, the commercialization of PP and the proliferation of self-help books by positive psychologists and practitioners are far worse than the commercialization of humanistic psychology, as derided by Seligman and Csikszentmihalyi.

Research methods literature review ppt

What makes it worse is not only the large scale of it, but also the marketing of pseudoscience in the name of science Coyne, Recently, Wong, Ivtzan, and Lomas in press have pointed out the ways in which scientism and the uncritical applications of PP findings to organizations are counterproductive.

An implicit culture of scientism permeates every aspect of the PP community, from research to practice. Many positive coaches use science as their calling card, when they have little understanding or training in scientific research in psychology.

In sum, scientism and elitism are a bad combination, responsible for many of the conceptual and methodological problems in the research and applications of PP examined in the next section.

Unfortunately, this assumption has never been empirically supported. There is also no evidence that the negative effects of very traumatic experiences simply disappear as a result of happiness-inducing interventions.

In short, the goal of positive interventions is to build some positive variables in order to increase some positive outcomes e. Logic dictates, however, that this will unnecessarily—and ironically—limit PPIs to people who are least in need of help.

This rather rose-tinted approach is far too narrow to be descriptive of the entire range of human experiences. The positive-only focus is based on binary or dichotomous thinking; that is, one can either focus on the positive or negative.

We also add that from the Yin—Yang perspective, opposites can complement and nurture each other to contribute to our survival and well-being. Any adequate explanation of human behavior needs to incorporate the negative or dark side of human existence Ivtzan et al.

Such reductionism is useful for research, but, at some point, we need to confront the fact that the person needs to be understood holistically, because personhood cannot be reduced to various components.

For example, in the application of character strengths research, the focus typically is on signature character strengths, but such a narrow focus misses the point that a person may be strong in some signature character strengths but can still behave like a jerk because of a lack of humility and others-directed character strengths.

Schwartz and Sharpe pointed out the downside of this componential approach, and advocated the need to strike a balance. Similarly, Allan also emphasized the importance of balancing different character strengths for well-being. They strongly contended for a balanced approach:the literature review as “the use of ideas in the literature to justify the particular approach to the topic, the selection of methods, and demonstration that this research contributes something new”.

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Ajitabh said: A good book for a beginner course in RM. Definitely good enough to start a research. Ho /5. The Journal of Dental Sciences (JDS), published quarterly, is the official and open access publication of the Association for Dental Sciences of the Republic of China (ADS-ROC).The precedent journal of the JDS is the Chinese Dental Journal (CDJ) which had already been covered by MEDLINE in As the CDJ continued to prove its importance in the region, the ADS-ROC decided to move to the.

tips on how to scan/skim read articles and conduct literature review.- authorSTREAM Presentation. Methods of Social Research Literature Review. Review of Literature. By: Pascaline Tags.

Research Social Review Literature |. How to write appealing Literature Review - Description: A literature review is a critical part of any dissertation. Writing a literature review might not be an easy task for all the students.

Research methods literature review ppt

The main reason is that most of the time the students end up writing a literature review that is just a summary.

Methods of literature review in research ppt